Bad Breath

Even in Modern societies, bad breath can negatively affect one's social life and psychology. It can also be a sign of diseases such as the digestive system, respiratory tract, kidney and sugar, as well as cancer

Bad breath is an unpleasant condition that leaves people in a difficult situation. People who have bad breath problems should go to the dentist and look for the reasons that can cause bad breath with it, and find solutions to the problem. The reason for bad breath can often be the presence of a rotten tooth, dentures that are incompatible with teeth and gums, or restorations that are difficult to clean. One of the most common problems in civilised societies today is bad breath. So what is halitosis, medically called halitosis, and why does it occur? The most basic definition of bad breath is the presence of bad breath, which is so obvious that you and those around you can be described as bad breath. This can also affect the patient's social life and psychology.

Teeth decay, abscesses, gingivitis, difficult to clean gum pockets and bone loss due to the cleaning of the teeth in between the difficult intervals are among the causes of bad breath. The pockets of the gum that cause food accumulation around the half-buried 20-year-old tooth lead to both inflammation and bad breath. Six bridges that cannot be cleaned easily and veneers that have not been renewed for years and are incompatible with the gum also cause odor due to nutrient accumulation and decay. Wearing and removing dentures, which are incompatible, not cleaned or have uneven surfaces with food accumulation, also cause odor due to food residues. In such cases, decays should be cleaned, gum treatment should be done, problem wisdom teeth should be pulled. For decontamination of difficult areas, special manufactured interface brushes should be preferred. For bridge cleaning, the interface brushes and decks produced for Bridges should be used, and old bridges should be renewed.

Lack Of Teeth Impairs Intra-Oral Balance

Teeth are cleaned naturally by the tongue and cheek during chewing. However, in cases where there is a lack of teeth, there will be no chewing on the side of the tooth that does not have the opposite and side teeth are seen to have more dense accumulation of food. If proper care is not done, dense tooth stones and bacteria form in this region. This can also trigger bad breath. In such cases, it is necessary to remove the lack of teeth as soon as possible with implant treatment or bridge construction. Some tips that will be useful in removing bad breath are as follows::

Dental floss, bridge floss and deciduous brush use:

To prevent bad breath, oral hygiene should be provided in a complete way. In addition to brushing twice a day, food scraps left in the contacts of the teeth or escaping under bridge restorations should be removed and cleaned with special ropes.

Brushing the tongue:

Language cleansing is an issue that should not be neglected. The buds on the tongue are indented and protruding. Tongue surfaces are colored due to food and drink consumed or cigarettes smoked. The tongue surface is suitable areas for the placement of bacteria. For this reason, the surface of the tongue should also be brushed after brushing the teeth.

Use of mouthwash before bed:

Providing oral hygiene is much more important, especially at bedtime. The bacteria that live in the mouth become more active during sleep. Food debris between the teeth creates an ideal environment for decay of the teeth during sleep. Because no food or drink enters the mouth during sleep, salivary secretion is minimal. If you have any of these problems, you may need to brush your teeth before you sleep, brush your teeth, floss your teeth, and finally clean your mouth with a mouthwash.

Chewing gum:

Especially gum with zinc is useful in reducing bad breath.

Clove chewing:

Carnation, which is served after meals in restaurants, is one of the cheapest methods used to remove bad breath.

Yogurt consumption:

Eating foods and drinks rich in probiotics, especially regular yogurt, is effective in reducing bad breath. Yogurt is also known to reduce the proliferation of Helicobacter pylori in the stomach.

Cinnamon consumption:

Cinnamon drinks or chewing cinnamon in the mouth are effective in combating bacteria in the mouth.

Frequent and abundant water consumption:

Frequent and abundant water consumption is beneficial to the kidneys as well as reducing bad breath. Drinking plenty of water helps prevent salivary odor.

After meals, at least, the mouth should be hammered with water:

In cases where teeth cannot be brushed after meals, at least rinse the mouth with water. Rinsing with water is useful in removing the food residues left in the mouth.

Not to starve:

The fact that so many people smell before breakfast in the morning is all about hunger. This confirms the phrase' starving'. Food and beverage consumption increases the amount of saliva and reduces bad breath.

Presence of trouble in the throat, esophagus or stomach:

Those with gastritis and reflux disease due to Helicobacter pylori infection in the stomach may have bad breath problems. For this reason, a gastroenterologist's examination and treatment of stomach ailments are required to remove bad breath.


Smoking threatens the whole body as well as disturbing the balance of the mouth leads to Odor. It also impairs the health of the gums, slows the flow of saliva and leaves dark-colored residues within the mouth that bacteria can easily attach to its surface. Instead of smoking, chew plenty of sugar-free gum. Chewing sugar-free gum helps your mouth clean by increasing your saliva secretion. Gum with mint and similar sugary sweeteners provides short-term refreshment, but because it contains sugar, it damages the teeth. For this reason, choose sugar-free gum.


Are there any external causes of bad breath? If the problems inside the mouth are treated, proper oral care is done, but the odor does not pass; different reasons should be emphasized and examinations should be done.

Can Bad Breath be a precursor to various diseases?

Other than the mouth, which causes bad breath, respiratory tract, digestive system, kidney and diabetes diseases are at the beginning of the disorders. In patients with chronic kidney disease, the smell of fish is similar to that of ammonia and nitrogen in saliva. An acetone-like odor is present in diabetics; odor increases during periods when sugar is high.

Can Bad Breath be a sign of cancer?

Stomach cancer, especially ulcers and stomach cancer, can interfere with proper digestion of food by disrupting stomach movements. Food that can't be digested stays in the stomach and stinks. This smell can reach up to the mouth. Ulceration, or even a narrowing or blockage in the intestines due to cancer, causes food pulp to remain in the intestine and form gas. This gas tries to get out through the mouth because it cannot get out naturally.

Bacteria that cause bad breath in the mouth outside the teeth is the most dense area of the tongue surface. On the surface of the tongue are thin long protrusions that allow for taste. These ledges, which are located between the deepening pits in places, are very suitable for the accumulation of food residues. Especially in areas close to the throat, the pits around the protrusions become deeper. It is important to remember to clean the tongue surface during oral care. For this reason, it is enough to use your toothbrush or special scrapers produced for the tongue. In addition, the use of oral water after flossing and brushing can also be effective in cleaning bacteria. Make sure that the oral water you use regularly does not have the drug properties and is not dark enough to dye the teeth. Do not use it every day if it irritates your gums and mouth tissues.

Prof. Dr. İlker Erdogan
Dentist Clinic

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