Facial lines, age, gender, order and color of the teeth, gums, lips, smile symmetry are the determining features while making smile design. The facial features of the person provide information for the appropriate tooth shape:
The transitions are softer, the nose and eyebrow arches are lighter. The teeth have the same parallelism, the corners of the teeth turn softer, the laughter line is curved upward; the two teeth in the middle are longer than the teeth on the side, there are tiny gaps between the neighboring corners.
Facial defects are sharper and more pronounced; forehead, nose-to-jaw proportion differ with the female face. Neighboring teeth merge into a straight line, the lines of the teeth are more pronounced.
HOW MANY SMILE EXPRESSIONS ARE?
Generally, smile expressions are grouped under 3 main headings. These basic categories also have different variations within themselves.
- ATTRACTIVE SMILE
It is a low design, with the front teeth longer than the side teeth; this design gives a young, dynamic and hammer smile, more suitable for individuals of a young age.
- SOPHİSTİCATED SMİLE
In the intellectual smile, the teeth are lined up in a horizontal straight line, which gives the face a mature and knowledgeable expression.
- SPORTIVE SMILE
It is the smile that the middle incisors are slightly longer than the side teeth; The expression has both an intellectual and attractive smile mood, and gives a warm and sincere expression.
The number of phi (Q = 1.618…) called "Golden Ratio" is the number of perfect geometry that exists in nature. This ratio is used in order to provide a complete symmetry while designing the entrance. According to this rule, the height and width of the teeth of the upper incisors face It is designed to be 1/16 of its height and width.
Generally, the line passing through the pupils in a natural and aesthetic smile and the line passing through the middle of the teeth are parallel.
Since the mismatch in the shape and size of the front incisors is easily noticed, it is important to provide symmetry in these teeth; symmetry adds charm while creating an ideal smile.
The more harmonious the curvature of the lower lip with the curve drawn to connect the front teeth of the front teeth, the younger and more attractive the person will have.
DENTAL GUM LINE
When the gum line visible while smiling is parallel to the upper lip line, it adds meaning to the expression.
For an aesthetic smile, the teeth in the back should also appear at a certain distance.
The natural triangular spaces between the tips of the teeth are called 'Embraşur'. In an aesthetic and ideal smile, the dimensions of the embryos increase from the front teeth to the back teeth.
The ratio of the width of the front two teeth to the height should also correspond to the golden ratio; the apparent length of the tooth should be larger than the width.
SHADOWS ON THE TEETH
The color and transparency of a natural tooth varies in the neck, cutting part and middle parts of the tooth.
A solution called `` gummy-smile '' is offered by the method of `` givivoplasty '' for some people's gums appear more than normal while laughing.In this treatment method, the gum level and shape of the gingiva are determined by working together with a cosmetic dentist and a perodontolgun. It is corrected with a small operation. Operation is performed under local anesthesia; if there is an aesthetic problem in the teeth, the problem is solved in a short time with porcelain laminae.
DENTAL GUM GRAFT
In areas where the gum recession is high, the teeth appear to be longer. With a graft graft, tissue can be added to these areas to make it look more aesthetically. Also, due to tooth extraction, sometimes the jaw bone collapses and as a result, an asymmetrical appearance may occur on the gums. As long as the treatments that will be applied to the teeth will not show themselves, in these cases, asymmetric gums can have a pleasant appearance by applying gingival graft.
It is used to increase the amount of bone in places where the bone is inadequate; artificial or natural bone powders are placed in the required area and expected to fuse to ensure adequate bone height and width. Then the operation can be started.